- I(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)n. immoderation, intemperance, dissipation, indulgence; superabundance, superfluity, extravagance, exorbitance; redundance, remainder.See sufficiency.Ant., moderation.II(Roget's IV) n.1. [More than is needed]Syn. profusion, abundance, plethora, superabundance, overabundance, surplus, glut, superfluity, redundancy, redundance, undue amount, too much, too many, overkill, fulsomeness, exuberance, inundation, overflow, exorbitance, surfeit, waste, wastefulness, luxuriance, lavishness, oversupply, overdose, overload, plenty, embarras de richesses (French), snootful*, bellyful*, enough and then some*, drug on the market*, too much of a good thing*.Ant. lack*, dearth, deficiency.2. [Conduct that is not temperate]Syn. prodigality, dissipation, intemperance; see indulgence 3 .3. [The portion that exceeds a minimum]Syn. oversupply, overload, overweight, overflow, superfluity, overstock, overage, overrun, surplus, extra, margin, overcharge, overvaluation, chargeable part, assessable part.4. [The portion that remains]Syn. balance, remainder, rest, surplus, residue, leavings, refuse, by-product, waste, tailings, tare, leftovers.• in excess of,Syn. surplus, more than, over and above; see extra .• to excess,III(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) n.1. surplus glut, overabundance, superabundance, overkill, fat, redundancy, surfeit, superfluity, overrun, *too much of a good thing, plethora.2. overindulgence extravagance, indulgence, immoderation, intemperance, lack of restraint, exorbitance.ANT.: 1. dearth, shortage, lack. 2. moderation, abstinenceIV(Roget's Thesaurus II) I noun 1. A condition of going or being beyond what is needed, desired, or appropriate: embarrassment, excessiveness, exorbitance, extravagance, extravagancy, extravagantness, overabundance, plethora, superabundance, superfluity, super-fluousness, surfeit. See EXCESS. 2. An amount or quantity beyond what is needed, desired, or appropriate: fat, glut, overage, overflow, overmuch, overrun, overstock, oversupply, superfluity, surplus, surplusage. See EXCESS. 3. Immoderate indulgence, as in food or drink: intemperance, overindulgence, surfeit. See EXCESS. II adjective Being more than is needed, desired, or appropriate: de trop, extra, spare, supererogatory, superfluous, supernumerary, surplus. See EXCESS.
English dictionary for students. 2013.